Video Section

International Braz J Urol
Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

Vol. 39 (5): 752-753, September - October, 2013
Laparoscopic conservative treatment of colo-vesical fistula: a new surgical approach
Cochetti Giovanni, Cottini Emanuele, Barillaro Francesco, Lepri Emanuele, Boni Andrea, Pohja Solajd, Mearini Ettore (Editorial Comment by Dr. A. Karim Kader)
Department of surgical specialties and Public Health, Urological Andrological Surgery and Minimally Invasive Techniques, University of Perugia, Perugia-Terni, Italy
Introduction: The standard treatment of colo-vesical fistula is the exeresis of fistula, suture of bladder wall, colic resection with or without temporary colostomy. Usually the approach is open because conversion rates and morbidity are lower than laparoscopy. The aim of video is to show the steps of a new mini-invasive approach of colo-vesical fistula without colic resection. Materials and Methods: A 69 years old male underwent laparoscopic conservative treatment of colo-vesical fistula due to endoscopic polipectomy in sigmoid diverticulum. 12 mm trocar for the camera was placed at the umbilicus, two 10 mm trocars were placed along bisiliac line and 5 mm port was placed along left emiclavear line; Trendelenburg position was 20║. The fistulous loop was carefully isolated, clipped with Hem-o-lock« clips and removed. Since diverticular disease appeared slight and no inflammation signs were evident, colon resection was not performed. We sutured and sinked the sigmoid wall; after curettage of the fistula site, the bladder wall was sutured. Fat tissue was placed between sigmoid and bladder wall to reduce the risk of fistula recurrence. Results: Operative time, estimated blood loss, catheterization time, time to flatus and hospital stay were respectively 210 minutes, 300 mL, 10 days, 48 h and 8 days. The histological examination showed colonic inflammatory and necrotic tissue. No complications or fistula recurrence occurred at 54 months follow-up. Conclusions: The laparoscopic conservative treatment of colo-vesical fistula is a safe and feasible technique, in particular when the diverticular disease is limited and the fistula is not due to diverticulitis.

Key Words:
Int Braz J Urol. 2013; 39 (Video #11): 752-3